The objective of the examination is to reach an independent and unbiased assessment of a stallion´s character, stable manners, riding horse- and driving horse aptitude as well as his state of health. To arrive at a good comparison between the stallions of one year collection we strive to maximise standardisation of environmental factors. Only stallions that have been referred by the Stallion Inspection Jury are entitled to take part in the Central Examination. The decision to register a particular stallion in the Studbook is also based on the results of the Central Examination.
The test takes place at the federation centre of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Hippische Sportfederatie (KNHS) (Royal Dutch Equestrian Sport Federation, ed.), De Beek 125, 3850 CA in Ermelo.
3. Time frame of the test
The test lasts for a period of seventy days.
4. Instruction days
Prior to the Central Examination the KFPS will organise a three-day instruction stage. The aim of this is to offer the horses the best possible starting position for the CE. During these instruction days the horses will be presented under saddle by their regular trainers who will be given further training instructions. The instruction days are not part of the assessment phase. On the third instruction day owners will be advised by the Stallion Inspection Jury if the stallion should take part in the CE. The advice may also imply the possibility to enter the stallion the next year. The Jury only has an advisory role, the final decision lies with stallion owners. Taking part in the instruction days is mandatory.
5. Arrival of stallion
Delivery of stallion
5.1 Dates of delivery
To be determined later
5.2 Presentation under saddle
Stallions must be presented under saddle by a rider chosen by the owners. For this presentation the stallions are required to present a simple performance including a phase in walk, trot and canter with a few phases of relaxation by stretching the neck in trot on a large circle as well as several transitions. The aim of this presentation is to get a clear picture of each stallion´s basic ability. The presentation will be supervised by the Stallion Inspection Jury.
5.3 Clinical examination
For the clinical examination the stallions will be mustered in-hand on the straight and on the circle. All defects, deviations and irregularities found will be reported in writing. Any stallion who is ill or lame on the day of delivery must nonetheless be delivered at the examination centre on the fixed day unless he has contracted a contagious disease or cannot be transported because of the illness or lameness. If your stallion cannot be delivered on the fixed date due to any of the reasons mentioned above, this must be communicated to the KFPS administrative office in advance. In these cases the KFPS is authorised to have the stallion examined by a KFPS-appointed veterinarian and on the basis of that examination can subsequently decide whether the stallion must be presented at the examination centre on or before a specific date. If the stallion cannot be presented on this date the stallion is entitled to take part in the next Central Examination. In case the stallion still cannot be presented at the next Central Examination the referral of the stallion will be declared void and the only way open to the Central Examination will be via a renewed referral at the Stallion Inspection.
Untimely delivery of stallions, refusal to comply with veterinary examinations or disregard of the above-mentioned instructions can lead to the exclusion of stallions from the Central Examination. All decisions are at the discretion of the Board of the KFPS.
5.4 Exterior assessment
On the day of arrival the stallions will undergo exterior assessment by the Stallion Inspection Jury. Stallions will receive scores for the lower bar characteristics breeding type, conformation and legwork. These scores will be part of the decision-making during the final assessment of ridden and driven work. These scores will be communicated to the owners in writing during the week of arrival.
In case either the veterinarian, the Stallion Inspection Jury or the Head of training considers the stallion´s state of health to be such that he poses a threat to the wellbeing of other resident horses at the centre they have the authority to refuse the stallion for participation in the Central Examination and consequently deny the stallion access to the centre.
In case the Jury/Head of training rules that the stallion has been insufficiently prepared for the Performance Test the Jury will then advise the owner to withdraw the stallion from the test in question. The Jury can make use of the option to allow the stallion to join the next examination. If the stallion´s owner however, is still determined to let his stallion take part in the test all costs will refer to the owner in question (the financial contribution by the KFPS will be cancelled for such stallions).
Allocation of stables to stallions will be done in order of age. The Head of training can transfer a stallion to another stable in case he deems it necessary.
The bedding in the stables consists of straw. Providing a different bedding than straw is done in exceptional situations and will only happen when proven necessary at any point during the test. Such a change will be included in the examination report.
In the course of the test the stallion will receive three daily rations of hard feed and oats with an additional twice-daily portion of hay and/or haylage. The amount of feeds differ per stallion and will be individually assessed and mixed.
8. Shoeing and hoof care
Owners are advised to bring their stallions shod on all fours. Regulations for shoeing of stallions are: forefeet with ordinary irons 8mm thick and 22 to 25 mm wide and hind feet shod with break-over shoes of the same thickness and width. If on arrival the stallion´s feet are found to be unsatisfactorily shod and/or cared for this will be remedied at the expense of the owner. During their stay, shoeing and hoof care of stallions will be taken care of by a farrier of the examination centre with all ensuing costs being invoiced to the owner of the stallion in question.
9. Required items to bring
To prevent skin fungus it is standard procedure to give all arriving stallions anti-fungal treatment.
The owner should also bring a well-fitting snaffle bridle with a flash noseband, fitting snaffle bit with a mouthpiece of satisfactory thickness, jumping reins and a dressage girth.
Other items to bring are a good-quality headcollar, a woollen fleece rug with elastic surcingle or roller and a well-fitting stable rug.
10. Other conditions
Each stallion´s vaccinations against Influenza and Rhinopneumonitis must be fully up-to-date.
Influenza: after the initial vaccination against Influenza the stallion must have received annual repeat vaccinations (boosters). The latest vaccination must have been administered after April and before mid-August. The stallion´s vaccination records must be handed over to the veterinarian on arrival.
Rhinopneumonitis: If the stallion has not been given the initial vaccination for Rhinopneumonitis the stallion must be given this vaccination no later than 1 September. The second vaccination will then be administered during the Central Examination.
Please note the attached form included with these conditions which the owner is required to fill in, sign and hand in on arrival.
11. Training, assessment and documentation
During the examination the stallion will be worked on the lunge, in front of the carriage and sleigh as well as under saddle. Training will consist of dressage work as well as show driving work. The stallion´s performances and behaviour during training as well as his stable manners will be documented in reports. Any veterinary problems that have occurred will also be mentioned in the report. The report will be drawn up under responsibility of the Jury and the supervising veterinarian.
The test consists of two phases. The first six weeks of the test mainly involve training and assessment under saddle to be concluded with a final assessment. The last four weeks mainly involve training and assessment in the carriage disciplines driving and show driving.
The Jury will evaluate the stallions´ performances and behaviour in relation to the following aspects:
d. Posture & balance
i. Stable manners
The final assessments will be reflected in the following bars listing the scores:
Riding horse aptitude:
||Posture & Balance
Driving horse aptitude:
||Posture & Balance
Show driving aptitude:
||Posture & Balance
||Impulsion & Attitude
||Use hind leg
||Moment of suspension
The Central Examination will be conducted under the supervision of a KFPS-appointed Head of training. The driving- and riding team will also be appointed by the KFPS. Stallions will also be ridden by guest riders whose findings make up part of the decision-making with regard to registration or rejection of stallions.
13. Veterinary aspects
The veterinary care during the Central Examination will be carried out by KFPS-appointed veterinarians. All stallions will receive worm-treatment. Other veterinary care will be restricted to care on demand in case of illness or injuries. All costs for veterinary care on demand will be at the expense of stallion owners.
If a stallion becomes ill or lame during the test the supervising veterinarian has the option to consult with a colleague or alternatively, refer the stallion to a specialised clinic for further examinations. All costs will be invoiced to the owner of the stallion in question.
Each year costs will be determined and listed in the price list. The starting-point for the KFPS is to set rates that guarantee a budget-neutral examination. It is, however, not possible to produce an exact figure of the actual costs in advance. If in the end returns prove to be higher than the actual incurred costs then this will be settled with the participating owners on the basis of subsequent calculations in relation to the number of test days of the stallion.
The KNHS is accountable for the supervisory care of the stallion for the duration of his stay in the examination centre.
The KFPS and the KNHS and their officials and staff cannot be held accountable for any damage incurred directly or indirectly caused by participation in the Central Examination, unless a result of gross negligence or wilful misconduct. Stallions will be insured by the KFPS for damage due to fire, lightning strokes, theft and break-ins or break-outs (solely cases for which the KFPS is accountable) up to the amount of € 10,000.- per stallion. This figure will be raised to € 50,000.- per stallion after the midterm exam.
Insuring the stallion for any other contingencies (e.g. illness or accidents) is at the discretion of the owner.
The KFPS or the KNHS cannot be held accountable for any consequences the examination results may have for the stallion.
By entering the stallion in the Central Examination the owner accepts the terms of the examination as laid down in these conditions and declares that the terms of the examination will not be disputed during or after the test either by the owner or by any assignee.
16. Transparency and information
To guarantee smooth proceedings during the examination the stable unit must be a calm and quiet environment. Therefore the stables are closed for the whole duration of the test. Training of the stallions must also take place in a quiet environment to ensure optimum conditions. It is possible to attend training sessions after making an appointment with the Head of training.
Straight after the final assessments owners will be informed of their stallion´s performances by written and vocal communication. During the course of the test information about results will not be available.
Around the fourth week of the test there is an opportunity to get information from the Jury about the development during training for which owners will receive an invitation.
In the event of a serious disease or injury of a stallion the owner of the stallion will be informed by phone.
17. Final assessment
The final assessment under saddle will take place (see dates test agenda). On the basis of the final assessment under saddle the Stallion Inspection Jury will decide whether the stallion can stay in the test. The shown performances in front of the carriage are included in this decision.
The time for the final assessment in the driving disciplines is yet to be determined.
18. Discontinuation of the test
The KFPS Stallion Inspection Committee is authorised to exclude a stallion from further participation in the test. If this is the case the owner of the stallion in question has the right to leave the stallion to complete the test at the owner´s cost: see point 18.
Stallions who, for any reason, have fallen behind in training for up to two weeks or more will be excluded from further participation in the test. Furthermore, after having consulted with the Jury and/or Head of training, the KFPS has the right to exclude a stallion from further participation in the test if this stallion´s character is found to put the handlers and riders at serious risk.
If the Stallion Inspection Jury takes a positive view, stallions that have been excluded from further participation in the test can be referred to take part in the next edition of the Central Examination. This decision is at the discretion of the Stallion Inspection Jury. In case a stallion leaves the test after the final under-saddle assessment and is referred to the next Central Examination by the Jury then the stallion only needs to complete the second part of the test. In such cases the final under-saddle assessment from the previous test remains valid.
In the event that the stallion also has to drop out of the next test then the referral will become void.
Stallions that are prematurely excluded from the test on the instructions of the KFPS must be picked up from the examination centre within two days after the owner has been informed of this decision.
If the stallion, for reasons other than on the instructions of the KFPS, has been removed from the centre by the owner or on behalf of the owner, the stallion is excluded from renewed participation in the test at a later date. This implies that stallions cannot be entered for inspections or shows during the course of the Central Examination.
19. At owner´s cost
If the KFPS Stallion Inspection Committee decides to exclude a stallion from further participation in the test the stallion in question is allowed to stay at the centre to complete the test at the owner´s cost. In this case the amount of € X (VAT excl.) per day will be invoiced to the owner. This invoice must be paid on application.
20. Final conclusion
Following the final assessment and after consultation with the veterinarian(s) and any possible advisors, the Stallion Inspection Committee will produce a thoroughly substantiated advice as to the registration in the Studbook or refusal of the stallion. After verification of compliance with the current regulations the Board will follow this advice.
This advice includes the following (possibly interrelated) aspects:
- pedigree (quality of ancestors and kinship percentage)
- final under-saddle assessment Central Examination
- final carriage (driving and show driving) assessment Central Examination
- state of health
- stable manners
Any stallion approved for stud services must have a definite added value for breeding.
The decision-making with regard to approval or refusal of a stallion is founded on the following standards: for each discipline, aptitude as riding horse, driving horse or show driving horse, a total score is calculated which includes the assessment of exterior. This total score is computed by adding the combined scores for breeding type, conformation and legwork multiplied by two to the final score of the discipline in question. Stallions who have achieved a total score of a minimum of 122 for at least two disciplines will be approved. This standard, however, is subject to one restriction, namely in case of any veterinary shortcomings. Stallions with a total score of 115 or less for all three disciplines will not be approved. As based on the criteria mentioned in this stipulation all other stallions will be the subject of further discussion and consideration.
21. Postponed final assessment
Stallions which have been unable to complete either of the final assessments due to a training delay (shorter than two weeks) caused by temporary lameness or illness, are entitled to take part in a rescheduled final assessment. This rescheduled final assessment will take place at a date specified by the KFPS, but within 14 days of the initial date of the final assessment and after the stallion in question has compensated his delay in training. In case a stallion has taken part in the postponed under-saddle assessment and subsequently develops a training delay in the second part of the test the stallion in question will be excluded from further participation in the Central Examination and the regulations as laid down in stipulation 17 will apply. Those stallions which are unable to complete either the final assessment or the postponed final assessment will be excluded.
The KFPS is authorised to waive these regulations in specific cases.
In case the owner is convinced that examination staff have made a serious mistake that has caused a clearly noticeable disadvantage for the stallion the owner is entitled to put in an application for a re-assessment. No re-assessments are possible based on any alleged, wrongful observation by the Jury which has been written down in the examination report.
Any re-assessment must be applied for in writing, stating reasons, within three working days of publication of the examination report. The application must be sent to the secretary of the KFPS.
Subsequently, the KFPS Board will rule if all conditions for a re-assessment have been met and decide if a re-assessment will be granted.
A re-assessment will last for a period of at least three weeks and will be concluded with a day on which the stallion will be assessed on his basic gaits. The costs for a re-assessment are € X (see list of rates)(VAT excl. ) which must be paid in full in advance. In case the judgement of the Jury and the KFPS Board reveals that the stallion´s examination results during re-assessment are better than during the regular examination the money will be reimbursed.
If a stallion has not fully and without interruptions spent the two weeks prior to the final assessment, postponed final assessment or re-assessment at the examination centre, the stallion can be vetted for the use of illegal means directly following the assessment in question. For this purpose a blood sample will be taken. This process is subject to the Equine Prohibited Substances Regulations.
Any complaints regarding the examination or management of the stallions during the test must be communicated to the direction of the KFPS.
25. Possibilities for appeal
It is possible to lodge an appeal (in writing) against the examination result of the Central Examination. This written appeal must have been received by the KFPS within seven days. Procedures require the completion of a renewed Central Examination within four weeks after the examination. The costs for this re-examination are € X (see list of rates) VAT excl. BTW.
Any other contingencies not dealt with in this missive are at the discretion of the KFPS Board. If the owner has sold or is planning to sell the stallion in the intervening period, the above-mentioned examination conditions will continue to apply in full force to the new owner. Owners are obliged to communicate all conditions to the new owner.
version June 2016