KFPS Royal Friesian

Article 1  Breeding programme
The Stallion Inspection is part of the KFPS breeding programme. During the Stallion Inspection Foal Book stallions are presented in judging rounds (viewings). On the basis of these viewings the stallions may be selected for the Central Examination. During the selection procedures the stallions will be assessed for minimum requirements of both objective and subjective nature. At the end of the selection procedures, after the Central Examination, all the collected information and assessments are used to decide if a stallion will be accepted for Studbook registration. The selection criteria are: lineage, kinship percentage in relation to the population, exterior, movement, sport aptitude, quality of legwork based on X-ray assessment, semen quality and various veterinary aspects. The Stallion Inspection Jury advises the Governing Board regarding the registration of stallions in the Studbook Register (Art. 108 Byelaws).
Stallions registered in the Studbook Register will also be inspected during the Stallion Inspection.

Article 2  Jury
The inspection of stallions for entry in the Studbook Register is conducted by the Stallion Inspection Jury which has been appointed by the Member Council after nomination by the Board. The Stallion Inspection Jury advises the Governing Board regarding the registration of stallions in the Studbook Register.
Foal Book stallions presented for re-inspection are inspected by the Re-inspection Jury which has been appointed by the Member Council.
The judging of stallions registered in the Studbook is conducted by a jury appointed by the Governing Board and consists of members of the KFPS Inspection Team, possibly in combination with KFPS Jury members. In case a jury member is unable to attend the Board will appoint a replacement.

Article 3  Eligible for participation

A. All 4- to 12-year-old Studbook stallions registered in the KFPS Studbook.
B. All 13-year-old and older stallions registered in the KFPS Studbook.
C. All Foal Book stallions which are two years old before July 1st of the year in which the First Viewing takes place. Stallions which have taken part in the Central Examination cannot be entered for the First Viewing of the same calendar year.

Article 4  Applications
Applications for the Stallion Inspection can only be accomplished by completing the entry form published in ‘Phryso’. In the case of applications for Foal Book stallions the Studbook certificate must be sent to the KFPS. All applications for stallions must include a valid vaccination certificate for influenza.
All applications must be sent in before the closing date which will be published in advance in the ‘Phryso’. Late applications will not be accepted.

Article 5  Vaccinations
All applications must include the certificate of registration in the Foal Book as well as the vaccination certificate for influenza. All entered stallions must have a tongue number or micro transponder number. This number must also be recorded on the Foal Book/Studbook certificate. Studbook certificates of stallions already registered in the Studbook need not be sent along with the application. The certificate must be submitted on the day of the inspection.

A vaccination certificate is only then valid if it can be verified to belong to the horse which is taking part in the inspection and if it confirms that the horse in question has been vaccinated against influenza in the following way:

1. An initial course consisting of two injections with the 2nd injection being administered at least three and at the most thirteen weeks after the first injection;
2. Thereafter annual injections which must be administered within (at the most) a 12-month interval after the previous injection;

This treatment must be confirmed by way of signature/initials and stamp of the veterinarian who has carried out the vaccination. For previously approved stallions the vaccination certificate may be sent in with the application, but it is also allowed to submit the certificate on the day of the inspection.
Stallions that have not or insufficiently been vaccinated will not be admitted to the inspection.

Article 6  Shoeing
Shoeing of horses is allowed in all judging classes as long as the shoeing is in line with the criteria: standard shoes, maximum thickness 8mm and maximum width 25mm. Shoeing may not be fitted with wedges, soles or other extensions. In the event of inadmissible shoeing the Stallion Inspection Committee is authorised to bar the stallion from  taking part in the next Viewing.

Article 7  Testing for forbidden substances
Stallions participating in the Stallion Inspection must be free from forbidden substances. The Stallion Inspection is subject to the ‘KFPS-hippisch dopingreglement’ (KFPS Equine Dope Regulations).

Article 8  Judging of Studbook stallions
8.1 conditions for participation
Studbook stallions can take part in the Stallion Inspection if the following conditions are met:
- The stallion has a breeding permit for the year in which the Stallion Inspection is held. Stallions whose stud licence has been suspended are excluded from the Stallion Inspection.
- The stallion has met the requirements of the Young Stallion Competition Regulations. This solely applies to stallions which have not yet been approved on the basis of their offspring.

8.2 Inspections
Taking part in the Stallion Inspection is mandatory for all Studbook stallions up to and including 15 years of age. Owners of 16-year-old or older stallions may present their stallion(s) for inspection at the Stallion Inspection or request a home-inspection at a later date.
Stallions up to and including 12 years of age will be lined up in their class according to quality of exterior and movement. From each class the jury will select the best stallions for the Champion Inspection. During the Champion Inspection the jury will select the Champion and Reserve Champion.

Article 9  Judging Foal Book stallions
The judging of Foal Book stallions for referral to the Central Examination will take place during the First, Second and Third Viewing. The Stallion Inspection Jury will decide which stallions are selected for the next round and ultimately, which stallions will be referred to the Central Examination.

Article 10  Height at withers
During the First Viewing the stallions will be measured for height at withers. This measurement of the height at withers determines if a stallion is eligible for the Star declaration but has no influence on referral to the Second Viewing. The stallions will be measured again during the Second Viewing.

Article 11  Veterinary examination
All stallions selected for the Second Viewing will undergo a clinical examination during the First Viewing. The Stallion Inspection Jury is authorised to withdraw a stallion´s referral to the Second Viewing on the basis of the clinical examination. The owner will be informed of this decision within three working days after the inspection.
All stallions selected for the Third Viewing will undergo a clinical examination during the Second Viewing. This veterinary examination will be carried out by one or several veterinarian(s) appointed by the Governing Board. The information obtained from the veterinary examinations and the veterinarians´ recommendations to the Stallion Inspection Jury are part of the decision-making process for referral to the Central Examination.

Article 12  Follow-up and re-inspections
The First, Second and Third Viewing all have a follow-up inspection and re-inspection. 
A stallion is only allowed to take part in the follow-up inspection on the grounds of veterinary reasons, for which a veterinarian statement must be submitted.
The KFPS must have received the application for a re-inspection no later than a week after the initial inspection. Late applications will not be accepted and the stallion will not be inspected.
The re-inspection will be carried out by the Re-inspection Jury.
Horses selected for the Second Viewing by the Re-inspection Jury during the re-inspection of the First Viewing will be inspected by the Stallion Inspection Jury during the Second and Third Viewing. Stallions which are selected for the Central Examination during the re-inspection of the Second and Third Viewing will be inspected by the Stallion Inspection Jury during the Central Examination. The Stallion Inspection Jury advises the Governing Board with regard to the registration of these stallions in the Studbook Register.
Stallions which are not selected for the Central Examination by the Stallion Inspection Jury during the Third Viewing and which are entered for the re-inspection will start the judging of their re-inspection with the Second Viewing.

Article 13  Reports
All stallions inspected during the First Viewing will be submitted to linear scoring. The linear score form will be sent to the owner as soon as possible and reflects the jury´s assessment. At the owner´s request the jury can draw up a complementary report for stallions that did not get through the Second and Third Viewing. The KFPS must have received this request within three working days after the Second Viewing.

Article 14  Acceptable markings
The (white) markings accepted on the basis of regulations are highly undesirable for stallions that are eligible for registration in the Studbook. During the clinical examination of the First Viewing the stallions will be checked for acceptable markings on the face as well as white markings on the soles of the feet. The presence of white markings on the soles may be reason to withdraw a stallion´s referral to the Second Viewing. The owner will be informed within three working days.
Only in exceptional cases (i.e. outstanding quality regarding selection criteria) can stallions with acceptable markings be admitted to the Second Viewing. If such a stallion is accepted into the Studbook the marking(s) will be listed on the assessment report.
Markings in the reproductive area are considered less serious.
  
Article 15  Examinations by third parties
In case the jury is in doubt as to the existence of a specific defect which the jury finds difficult to evaluate at the time of the inspection, then the jury will not come to an assessment and the stallion will be referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences  in Utrecht for further examinations. This examination must take place within 14 days of the inspection. If the jury´s evaluation will be confirmed by said further research then the stallion will be rejected and not selected for the Central Examination with all costs of the examination being at the owner´s expense.

Article 16 Star declaration
All stallions selected for the Second Viewing and with a minimum height at withers of 1.55m will receive the Star predicate.

Article 17  X-ray testing
17.1 Assessment criteria:
For taking part in the Second Viewing all stallions must meet the criteria for X-ray testing. For the assessment of X-ray testing a transitional arrangement is in place which differentiates between stallions born before the year 2007 and those born in or after the year 2007. The criteria are as follows:

Stallions born before the year 2007:

Radius bone

category 0-1-2 (acceptable)

Sesamoid bone

no selection

Arthritis in fetlock joint

category 0-1-2-3 (acceptable)

Bone spavin

category 0-1-2 (acceptable)

Hock osteochondritis

Negative

Knee osteochondritis

Negative

 


Stallions born in or after the year 2007:

Radius bone

category 0-1-2 (acceptable)

Sesamoid bone

no selection

Arthritis in fetlock joint

category 0-1-2-3 (acceptable)

Bone spavin

category 0-1-2 (acceptable)

Hock osteochondritis

Category A-B-C

Knee osteochondritis

Category A-B-C


* the assessment results will be included in the assessment criteria as used by the Stallion Inspection Jury from the Second Viewing onwards.

17.2 Additional findings
Additional findings revealed during X-ray testing such as sidebone, ringbone, calcification of the processus extensorius, etc. will be taken into account in the Stallion Inspection Jury´s decision-making process but do as such not interfere with selection for the Second Viewing.

17.3 X-rays and assessments
X-rays will only be suitable for assessment if they have been taken at KFPS-approved clinics. In the Netherlands these are the so-called inspection veterinarians. In other countries the choice of veterinarians must be dealt with in consultation with the KFPS. X-rays must be taken in compliance with the existing protocol. Stallions must be at least 26 months old for X-ray testing. The stallion´s stay at the clinic during the time of X-ray testing is at the owner´s risk. The X-rays will be evaluated by a committee which has been appointed by the KFPS. All original X-rays will remain the property of the KFPS in aid of further research. Once a stallion has complied with all criteria for X-ray testing then this result will also be valid for any future stallion inspections unless the criteria have been changed by the KFPS. The outcome of X-ray testing is open for appeal. This appeal must be submitted to the KFPS no later than two weeks after the date of the assessment. The reassessment will be carried out by a reassessment committee. The costs for the reassessment are at the owner´s expense. The option for appeal is twofold:
1. Reassessment of existing X-rays.  
2. First assessment of new X-rays. The first set of X-rays is also included in this reassessment.
The outcome of the X-ray testing must have been communicated to the KFPS at the time indicated by the KFPS. In case the results have not been made available to the KFPS before said date the stallion will be excluded from taking part in the Second Viewing. All findings of this radiological examination will be included in the report following the Central Examination.

Article 18  Semen analysis
For taking part in the Second Viewing all stallions must be tested for semen quality. The norms for semen quality are as follows:
Stallions which are three years old in the calendar year in which the Second Viewing takes place:
 600 x 106 TNB, morphology: minimum 50.0%, motility: minimum 50%
or
  800 x 106 TNB, morphology: minimum 45.0%, motility: minimum 50%

Stallions which are four years old or older in the calendar year in which the Second Viewing takes place:
1000 x 106 TNB, morphology: minimum 50.0%, motility: minimum 50%
or
1200 x 106 TNB, morphology: minimum 45.0%, motility: minimum 50%

Stallions with incorrect reproductive organs are barred from the Second Viewing.

Results from semen analysis will only be accepted for assessment if the examination has taken place at an institute selected by the KFPS.

Stallions that will be examined must be unshod. All risks during the stallion´s stay, semen collection and transport are for the owner´s responsibility. The owner is required to produce the stallion´s certificate. The semen analysis will be concluded on the basis of two semen collections at a one-hour interval.

Semen analysis will only be valid if the examination was conducted no more than 12 months prior to the Second Viewing. Stallions which have taken part in the Second Viewing at an earlier date must therefore undergo another semen testing examination.

Stallions which have been selected for the Central Examination but have previously been subjected to semen analysis in a foreign country must be tested again in the Netherlands before they can be admitted to the Central  Examination.

The results of semen analysis will be assessed by a committee appointed by the KFPS Governing Board. This committee has the authority to recommend a second examination.

The outcome of semen analysis must have been communicated to the KFPS at the time indicated by the KFPS. In case the results have not been made available to the KFPS before said date the stallion will be excluded from taking part in the Second Viewing.

Article 19 DNA testing
19.1 General
Specific DNA tests regarding unwelcome characteristics will become an important tool in the selection of young stallions. Once the DNA tests have become available all stallions must be examined before the start of the Second Viewing. The results of the examination will be included in the selection criteria from the Second Viewing onwards but will not as such be reason to bar a stallion from taking part in the Central Examination.

19.2 Chestnut factor, dwarfism and hydrocephaly
DNA testing for the chestnut factor, dwarfism as well as hydrocephaly  is scheduled to take place in the interval between selection for the Central Examination and the start of the Central Examination. Horses which have been tested positive for the chestnut factor (born in or after the year 2007), dwarfism  or hydrocephaly will not be excluded from taking part in the Central Examination. Carrier status will, however, be included in the final evaluation of the Central Examination. To be eligible for taking part in the Central Examination stallions born before the year 2007 must have been tested negative for the chestnut factor.  

Article 20 First Viewing
During the First Viewing the stallions are primarily judged on their exterior (breed expression, conformation and legwork) and movement (three basic gaits). The standard used for referral to the Second Viewing is more or less equivalent to the standards for the Star predicate.
The assessment during the First Viewing consists of an in-hand presentation on the street, a presentation in the cage (free movement) and for older stallions a presentation under saddle or in-harness. On the street the stallions are evaluated for exterior and walk and trot. Only horses with a correct exterior and correct movement may continue to the presentation in the cage.
In the cage the judges will mostly focus on trot and canter. After the stallions have all been seen individually and the group is walking around the ring the judges will announce which stallions are allowed through to the Second Viewing. For older stallions the judges will also announce whether they are selected for presentations for ridden or driven work.
For all stallions which are four years old in the year of the First Viewing the presentations for ridden or driven work are included in the First Viewing. During this presentation the focus lies on the three basic gaits. Following this presentation the judges will decide whether or not the stallion will be referred to the Second Viewing.
Those stallions which have been selected for the Second Viewing will be sent on to the on-the-spot  veterinary examination.
Linear scoring of stallions will take place at the time of the First Viewing.

Article 21 Second Viewing
Stallions can only go through to the Second Viewing after selection by the Stallion Inspection Jury/Re-inspection Jury. The stallions must have met all existing criteria for X-ray testing as well as for semen quality analysis.
The Second Viewing involves the assessment of free movement in the cage with the focus on quality of trot and canter.
The Stallion Inspection Jury/Re-inspection Jury will reach a decision about a stallion´s referral to the Third Viewing on the grounds of the following assessments and criteria:
1. Assessment during the First Viewing (including veterinary examination)
2. Exterior and basic gaits during the Second Viewing
3. Lineage (breeding value and kinship percentage)
4. Height at withers (minimum of 1.58cm for 3-year-old stallions and minimum of 1.60cm for 4-year-old and older stallions)
5. Results X-ray testing
6. Results DNA testing
Those stallions which have been selected for the Third Viewing will undergo a veterinary examination.


Article 22 Third Viewing
Stallions can only go through to the Third Viewing after selection by the Stallion Inspection Jury/Re-inspection Jury.
The Third Viewing involves the assessment of an in-hand presentation. The stallions must show off their walk and trot in the triangle.
The Stallion Inspection Jury/Re-inspection Jury will reach a decision about a stallion´s referral to the Central Examination on the grounds of the following assessments and criteria:
1. Assessment during the First and Second Viewing (including veterinary examination)
2. Exterior and basic gaits during the Third Viewing
3. Lineage (breeding value and kinship percentage)
4. Results X-ray testing
5. Results DNA testing


Article 23 Selection and conditions for taking part in the Central Examination
The selection of stallions for the Central Examination will take place during the Third Viewing. Before a stallion is admitted to the Central Examination the lineage of the stallion must have been confirmed by means of DNA testing. If the lineage cannot be confirmed the stallion´s referral will be cancelled unless the Stallion Inspection Jury decides otherwise.

Article 24 Assessment of stallion dams
The KFPS Inspection will also assess the dams and if possible other related horses of those stallions which have been selected for the Central Inspection. At the end of the Central Examination these findings will also be weighed in the decision-making process as to whether or not a stallion will be entered in the Studbook register.
The rules and regulations on the subject of the Central Examination are laid down in the Conditions Central Examination.

Article 25  Re-inspections
The Re-inspection is open to young stallions who have (minimum) taken part in the most recent First Viewing and to stallions who have been selected for the most recent Central Examination but have not been registered in the Studbook for stallions.
The re-inspection will consist of a ridden or driven presentation, an in-hand assessment of exterior and a veterinary examination. Based on the re-inspection results stallions can be selected for the Central Examination by the Stallion Inspection Jury. During the re-inspection the same criteria as laid down in Article 1 will apply for referral to the Central Examination. The basic gaits will be assessed during ridden or driven work and must be shown on both leads as indicated by the judges. On the basis of the under-saddle or driven presentation the judges will determine if the stallion may move on to exterior assessment. The outcome of exterior assessment will be the decisive factor for referral to the veterinary examination and this final result is key for selection for the Central Examination. Minimum requirement for admittance to the re-inspection is participation in the First Viewing as part of the Stallion Inspection which was held in the same calendar year as the re-inspection. To take part in the re-inspection the stallions must have met all existing criteria for X-ray testing (article 17) as well as for semen analysis (article 18). The re-inspection will be held before the date of the Central Examination.

Article 26  Central Examination
The objective of the Central Examination is to establish a stallion´s talent for riding, driving or show driving as well as collecting information with regard to health, character and stable manners. The Central Examination lasts ten weeks and is open to all stallions not older than six years of age. Participation in the Central Examination is subject to referral by the Stallion Inspection Jury. The Stallion Inspection Jury is in charge of assessments as well as filing reports as to the stallions´ performances. During the Central Examination the Stallion Inspection Jury will be assisted by two members of the Performance Jury who will be assigned by the Board. Stallions may only take part in the Central Examination after referral by the Stallion Inspection Jury and after having followed the whole preparatory programme as organised by the KFPS.

Article 27  Stipulations approved stallions
Stallions that have been registered in the Studbook are entitled to six stud seasons. In consistency with the Regulations Progeny Testing, a stallion must have completed a Progeny Test by the end of the sixth stud season in order to prolong the breeding license.
Up until and including the sixth stud season the stallion is subject to a stud service limit of 180 mares per year. Services involving frozen sperm for countries outside the EU are exempt from the stud service limit. The sanction for exceeding stud service limits has been fixed at 2,000 Euros per additional mare serviced.

Version November 2016